Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(754 words)

As a technical term, species (German Art, Latin species) was originally used in logic and metaphysics. The zoological works of Aristotle (384–322 BCE) did not use it with an exact taxonomic meaning but employed it also in its everyday meaning, according to which a species was a form of life peculiar to a particular region [4]. During the early modern period and well into the 19th century, the use of the term species varied. In German around 1800, it was common to translate Latin species as Gattung (today “genus,” “species”), while genus was translated as Art (today “specie…

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Müller-Wille, Staffan, “Species”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 02 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_017086>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180208

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