Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(2,622 words)

1. Introduction

Storms and hurricanes are among the most devastating climate-driven weather events. Anglophone climatology defines a storm as sustained winds of at least 24.5 m/s (55 mph/89 km/h) or Force 10 on the Beaufort Scale. Force 11 is a violent storm (compare German: Force 9 – Sturm, “storm”; Force 10 – schwerer Sturm, “severe storm”; Force 11 – orkanartiger Sturm, “hurricane-like storm”). Sustained winds of at least 32.7 m/s (73 mph/118 km/h), or Force 12…

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Glaser, Rüdiger and Rohr, Christian, “Storm”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 24 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_028445>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180208

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