Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Tunnel
(862 words)

1. Definition and historical background

A tunnel is defined as an artificial underground space that enables travel routes (watercourses, roads, railways) to run beneath the surface of the earth. It always has two openings, which distinguish it from an adit in a mine (Mining). The historical terms for tunnels vary greatly. German Tunnel, borrowed from English, did not become common until the 1820s. Before that a tunnel was called a TorKanalStollen, or the like, dep…

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Hascher, Michael, “Tunnel”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 21 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_029130>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20220831



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