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Two kingdoms doctrine
(2,564 words)

1. Definition

The term Zwei-Regimente-Lehre (two governments doctrine), coined in the late 19th century, refers to the older belief, common to all Christian bodies, that God governs the world in two ways, partly with an eternal purpose, partly with a merely temporal purpose: the first by means of religion (the Christian church), the second by means of politics. It is easy to misunderstand the term, sinc…

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Sparn, Walter, “Two kingdoms doctrine”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 25 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_030925>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20220831



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