Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(1,036 words)

1. Concept

From the perspective of today, an endemic shortage of employment that becomes acute in times of crisis is virtually typical of pre-industrial societies, where the line between under-employment and unemployment is always fuzzy. This was also true of late medieval and early modern Europe, and to an increasing degree over time. Contributing causes include the brevity and irregularity of jobs, fluctuating demand in seasonal occupations such as tailoring, varying yields of ore deposits in mining, and man…

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Sokoll, Thomas, “Unemployment”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 23 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_016970>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20220831

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