Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics

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Binyanim: Biblical Hebrew
(6,331 words)

It is common to speak of seven regular בנינים binyanim (verbal stems/themes; singular form: בנין binyan) in Biblical Hebrew: one basic, paʿal (also known as qal), with only three consonants—the three radicals of the root—and six other derived binyanim (the stems nifʿal, piʿʿel, puʿal, hitpaʿel, hifʿil, and hofʿal) with extra consonantal elements, such as the nun prefix of nifʿal and the geminated second consonant of piʿʿel.

This number of regular binyanim can be reduced or enlarged. For example, it can be reduced by two, if, as in Arabic, the passive binyanim puʿʿal and hofʿal are regar…

Cite this page
Dan, Barak, “Binyanim: Biblical Hebrew”, in: Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, Edited by: Geoffrey Khan. Consulted online on 03 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2212-4241_ehll_EHLL_COM_00000210>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004176423



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