Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics

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Clitics: Pre-Modern Hebrew
(3,180 words)

‘Clitic’ (from Greek κλίνειν ‘incline, lean’) is the term in traditional grammar for a word that cannot bear primary word stress and thus ‘leans’ on an adjacent stress-bearing word (the ‘clitic host’). A clitic leaning on a following word is a ‘proclitic’; one leaning on a preceding word is an ‘enclitic’. Clitics exhibit characteristics of both words and affixes and yet do not fall fully into either category: they are “like single-word syntactic constituents in that they function as heads, argum…

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Holmstedt, Robert D. and Dresher, B. Elan, “Clitics: Pre-Modern Hebrew”, in: Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, Edited by: Geoffrey Khan. Consulted online on 24 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2212-4241_ehll_EHLL_COM_00000023>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004176423

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