Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics

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(2,425 words)

1. Definition

Diathesis can be defined as the syntactic relationship between the verbal core of a sentence and its nominal constituents, i.e., the verbal predicate and the parts of speech directly relating to it, mainly subject and object. Some linguists call such nominal complements ‘actants’. Verbs can be classified into zero- (‘it rains’), one- (‘the stone falls’), two- (‘the man hit the thief’), and three- (‘he gave …

Cite this page
Retsö, Jan, “Diathesis”, in: Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, Edited by: Geoffrey Khan. Consulted online on 01 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2212-4241_ehll_EHLL_COM_00000704>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004176423

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