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Gentilic: Modern Hebrew
(1,852 words)

The most common relational morpheme in Modern Hebrew is the suffix  ִי- -ī, which in gentilic use may refer to a geographical name or concept, as in תל-אביבי tel-ʾavivi ‘of, from, living in Tel-Aviv’, צרפתי ṣarfati ‘French’, ספרדי sfaradi ‘Spanish, Sephardic’, אשכנזי ʾaškenazi ‘Ashkenazi’, עירוני ʿironi ‘urban’, כפרי kafri ‘rural, rustic’, or to a social division, as in דתי dati ‘religious, orthodox’, חילוני x̱iloni ‘secular’.

In possessive constructions the morpheme appears in the second constituent, as in the Bible, where it is the only element that is inflected, for example ארץ-יש…

Cite this page
Hilman, Yitzhak, “Gentilic: Modern Hebrew”, in: Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, Edited by: Geoffrey Khan. Consulted online on 09 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2212-4241_ehll_EHLL_COM_00000378>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004176423

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