Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics

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Inchoative Verb
(774 words)

Inchoative verbs denote a change of state, beginning, or becoming, and they are also considered achievements according to Vendler’s (1967) aspectual classes.

Hebrew inchoative verbs are usually morphologically marked (see Berman 1978; Schwarzwald 2001; 2008 among others). Most Hebrew inchoative verbs are formed in templates such as hitpaʿel (e.g., התכווץ hitkaveṣ ‘shrink’), nif ʿal (e.g., נרדם nirdam ‘fall asleep’), but some of them are also formed in qal (paʿal) (e.g., נפל nafal ‘fall’) or hif ʿil (e.g., הלבין hilbin ‘become white’). The term ‘inchoative verb’ overlaps t…

Cite this page
Laks, Lior, “Inchoative Verb”, in: Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, Edited by: Geoffrey Khan. Consulted online on 05 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2212-4241_ehll_EHLL_COM_00000493>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004176423

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