Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics

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Pausal Forms
(633 words)

Pausal forms (in contrast to unmarked or ‘contextual’ forms) occur at the end of units of pronunciation in Tiberian Biblical Hebrew, usually with the major disjunctive accents silluq, ʾatnaḥ, and ʿole wə-yored, but sometimes also with the weaker disjunctive accents, in particular segolta, zaqef, and ṭippeḥa.

Pausal forms may differ from the corresponding contextual forms in (1) vowel quality (e.g., contextual שֶׁ֚מֶשׁ šεmεš ‘sun’ [Josh. 10.12] vs. pausal שָׁ֑מֶשׁ šå̄mεš [Deut. 33.14]; יִשְׁמְע֣וּ yišmə ׀ ʿū ‘they will hear’ [Deut. 17.13] vs. יִשְׁמָ֑עוּ yiš ׀ må̄ʿū [Deut. 18.4]), and in (…

Cite this page
Fassberg, Steven E., “Pausal Forms”, in: Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, Edited by: Geoffrey Khan. Consulted online on 19 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2212-4241_ehll_EHLL_COM_00000273>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004176423

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