Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics

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Sumerian Loanwords
(793 words)

Sumerian loanwords are abundant in the lexicon of Akkadian, and a small number of these passed into Hebrew, either directly from Akkadian or through the medium of Aramaic or another language. There was no direct influence of Sumerian on Hebrew. No complete study of Sumerian loanwords in Hebrew exists, but Mankowski’s (2000) study of Akkadian loanwords in Hebrew (Akkadian Loanwords) includes words with a Sumerian origin.

Sumerian words that have entered Biblical Hebrew via Akkadian include: אֲגַם ʾăḡam ‘swamp, pool’ < Akk. agammu < Sum. a-ga-am (or agam); אֵד ʾēḏ ‘stream, flow’ < Akk. edû…

Cite this page
Rubin, Aaron D., “Sumerian Loanwords”, in: Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, Edited by: Geoffrey Khan. Consulted online on 22 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2212-4241_ehll_EHLL_COM_00000724>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004176423

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