Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics

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Verbal System: Biblical Hebrew
(2,616 words)

As in other languages with a conjugated verb, so in BH (= Biblical Hebrew) different verbal forms express distinct nuances of tense, aspect, and mood. Traditionally, the BH verbal system has been viewed as being organized around a central opposition: qaṭal (the ‘perfect’) versus yiqṭol (the ‘imperfect’); but this analysis has proved wrongheaded. Both historical considerations and a synchronic approach show…

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Joosten, Jan, “Verbal System: Biblical Hebrew”, in: Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, Edited by: Geoffrey Khan. Consulted online on 09 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2212-4241_ehll_EHLL_COM_00000417>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004176423, 20130809

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