Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

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Bar/Bat Mitzvah
(1,847 words)

Ritual marking the religious maturity of young people and their admission as full members of the Jewish congregation. Originally reserved for male offspring, it was modernized to include female children after the Enlightenment. The first Bat Mitzvah ceremony for girls was held in the United States in the early 20th century. Forms of Bar/Bat Mitzvah are established today in most Jewish religious traditions. Non-religious Jews also see the ritual as a symbol of Jewish affiliation.  

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Dalia Marx, Jerusalem, “Bar/Bat Mitzvah”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017. Consulted online on 06 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-8894_ejhc_COM_0077>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20170409

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