Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

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Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar, one of the largest National Socialist camps on German soil between 1937 and 1945, became the icon of GDR anti-fascism in the 1950s. In the course of the heroization of communist resistance fighters and the marginalization of Jewish victims, Buchenwald moved to the center of the political and cultural memory of the GDR. Due to this, the view on the Auschwitz extermination camp was obscured.

1. Anti-fascist founding myth

The foundi…

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Emmerich, Wolfgang, “Buchenwald”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017. Consulted online on 23 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-8894_ejhc_COM_0124>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20170409

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