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Crémieux Decree
(1,671 words)

The Crémieux Decree (Décret Crémieux) of October 24, 1870, conferred French citizenship on all Jews born in the French colony of Algeria. They had had the status of French subjects since the conquest of Algeria in 1830. As a consequence of the decree of emancipation, the Algerian Jews assimilated to French society; at the same time, however, they were divided from their Muslim neighbors, who remained French subjects. In 1940, the Vichy government revoked the Decree.

1. Origins

The Decree is named fo…

Cite this page
Moses Leff, Lisa , “Crémieux Decree”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017. Consulted online on 01 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-8894_ejhc_COM_0167>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20180401

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