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Ḥakham Bashi
(2,174 words)

The highest-ranking rabbi (Rabbinate) of the Jews in the Ottoman Empire, appointed by the ruling power. The institution was introduced by the High Porte in 1835 in the context of far-reaching reforms; it signaled a reduction in Jewish autonomy and a strengthening of the central government. The origin of the Ḥakham Bashi from the ranks of traditional textual scholars and his purely secular-political official duties led to an unclear und…

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Harel, Yaron, “Ḥakham Bashi”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017.. Consulted online on 25 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-8894_ejhc_COM_0284>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20191110



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