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Hilsner Affair
(1,789 words)

The affair around the 1899 trial against the Jew Leopold Hilsner, who was accused of ritual murder, represented the culmination of the wave of antisemitism in Bohemia and the rest of Austria at the end of the 19th century. During the affair, also known as the also known as the Hilsner Trial, Hilsner Case or Polná Affair, Tomáš G. Masaryk, later the first president of Czechoslovakia, advocated the reversal of the verdict, and took a decisive stance against the antisemitic tendency in Czech society.

On Easter, April 1, 1899, the corpse of a young woman was found in a forest…

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Hadler, Frank, “Hilsner Affair”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017. Consulted online on 10 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-8894_ejhc_COM_0313>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20200106

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