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Infamous Decree
(973 words)

Napoleonic decree on French Jewish legislation issued in March 1808. Its discriminatory content brought it the title of “infamous decree” – Décret infâme. The decree covered restrictions in relation to credit, trade, freedom of movement, and military service. This was intended to push through the Jews’ assimilation more rapidly, but de facto revoked the equality they had gained in the French Revolution.

In the years before the enactment of the decree, the Jews were already under pressure from Napoleon to dispel doubts over their affiliation to the French…

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Birnbaum, Pierre, “Infamous Decree”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017. Consulted online on 01 October 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-8894_ejhc_COM_0168>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20200106

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