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Jewish Question
(3,705 words)

In his early treatise Zur Judenfrage (1843/1844; “On the Jewish Question,” 1926), Karl Marx (1818–1883) argued for Jewish emancipation. At the same time he formulated the first materialist critique of the state and of civil society. The work also contains a number of problematic anti-Jewish statements and figures of speech; these have given rise to a still-ongoing debate over the antisemitic content of the text and its enduring impact.

1. Introduction

In …

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Haury, Thomas, “Jewish Question”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017. Consulted online on 10 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-8894_ejhc_COM_0369>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20200106

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