Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

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(2,000 words)

A Kaddish prayer is a short prayer in Hebrew and Aramaic, which has been transmitted in various versions. Besides doxological formulas, it mainly contains petitions for the sanctification of the name of God, the coming of God’s kingdom, and peace. As a prayer commemorating the deceased, it is today considered the prayer for the dead par excellence.

1. Beginnings

Form-critical analysis of the text shows that the Kaddish (Aram., literally “holy”) was originally a matter of a short …

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Lehnardt, Andreas, “Kaddish”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017. Consulted online on 22 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-8894_ejhc_COM_0387>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20200106

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