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May Laws
(1,800 words)

The name of an ordinance enacted in 1882 in Russia under Czar Alexander III that discriminated against Jews. It aimed at restricting the Jewish presence in the Pale of Settlement to the cities, limiting land ownership, leaseholding, and administration of property by Jews, and preventing Jews from trading on Sundays and Christian holidays. The ordinance was issued after a series of pogroms following the murder of Czar Alexander II and remained in force until the February Revolutio…

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Kopstein, Jeffrey, “May Laws”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017. Consulted online on 29 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-8894_ejhc_COM_0508>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20210312

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