Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

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(2,039 words)

Seven-armed candelabrum (Hebr. menorah, pl. menorot) that was among the implements of the tabernacle in ancient Israel and later was among the cult objects of the First and Second Temples in Jerusalem. In addition to its practical function in temple rituals, from biblical times onward, the menorah has had a high symbolic value. Since 1948, it has adorned the coat of arms of the State of Israel.

1. Tabernacle and temple

The Book of Exodus reports that after receiving the Ten Commandments on Mount S…

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Juhasz, Esther, “Menorah”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017. Consulted online on 24 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-8894_ejhc_COM_0535>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20210312

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