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Muscular Judaism
(4,615 words)

Title of an article published in 1900 by Max Nordau (1849–1923), the most important Zionist comrade of Theodor Herzl. The concept of “muscular Judaism” was directed against the defenders of emancipation, Reform Judaism, and acculturation to their respective nation states who were criticized by Nordau as “assimilation Jews.” What political Zionism associated with the term “muscular Jews” was the philosophic…

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Berg, Nicolas, “Muscular Judaism”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017. Consulted online on 25 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-8894_ejhc_COM_0570>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20210312

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