Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

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In the early modern era Jewish and New Christian pirates, privateers, buccaneers as well as ship owners, agents and “negreiros” (slave traders; Slave Trade) were in the service of sultans, kings, and trading companies. Many of them fought the Holy Roman Empire and the Catholic countries from which they or their ancestors had been expelled under the threat of being burnt to death. Especially in the Mediterranean and Caribbean,…

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Studemund-Halévy, Michael, “Pirates”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017. Consulted online on 30 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-8894_ejhc_COM_0633>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20221116

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