Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

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Science denotes the rationalistic description and explanation of nature, which originated in Ancient Greece and was developed further in the Islamic and Christian civilizations of the Middle Ages. Jewish cultures came in contact with it in different ways, with an inherent tension emerging: while science relies on the independent human intellect alone as its highest authority, Judaism is based on a series of canonical texts such as the Bible (Tanakh), Mishnah, Talmud, and Midrashim, whose legi…

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Freudenthal, Gad, “Science”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017. Consulted online on 25 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-8894_ejhc_COM_01110>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20221116

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