Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

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Shabbat
(2,439 words)

According to the Biblical command, the observance of the holy Shabbat as a day of rest serves primarily for remembering the divine work of creation and liberation of the Jews from their Egyptian captivity, and has always belonged the core of Jewish religious practice. In the Diaspora, the organization of the Shabbat increasingly also served for distinguishing Jewish from non-Jewish ways of life. Within the non-Orthodox movements in the 19th century, there was a search for new fo…

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Shire, Michael, “Shabbat”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017. Consulted online on 11 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-8894_ejhc_COM_0772>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20221116



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