Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

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Shema
(2,212 words)

The prayer Shema Yisra’el (“Hear, O Israel,” also called Shema for short) is of ancient biblical origin and is considered the Jewish confession of faith. Since Late Antiquity it has formed an established component of the Jewish liturgy. As the most important prayer of Judaism, it received a great deal of attention in modern times in non-liturgical Jewish contexts as well, specifically in literature, art, and music. Because of its renown, which extends far beyond Jewish reception, the Shema achieved a nearly metonym…

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Shire, Michael, “Shema”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017. Consulted online on 29 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-8894_ejhc_COM_0803>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20221116



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