Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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(2,442 words)

1. Historical Overview

Afghanistan is a Sunni Islamic state whose indigenous population mixed with Iranian, Arab, and Mongol conquerors. Western Afghanistan is part of the province of Khurasan. In Hebrew gaonic sources, it described as a penal colony to which convicts were exiled. The large Jewish settlement in Khurasan exasperated Caliph ʿUmar II (r. 717–720), who wanted to limit the construction of synagogues. T…

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Ben Zion Yehoshua-Raz, “Afghanistan”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 28 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0000790>
First published online: 2010

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