Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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(1,860 words)

Basra (Ar. al-Baṣra) is a city in southern Iraq on the Shatt al-Arab waterway formed by the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. It lies 420 kilometers (279 miles) southeast of Baghdad. The site of the town has moved somewhat since the Middle Ages. The present site (New Basra) dates back to the eighteenth century. 

1. Medieval Period

The Jewish community of Basra was one of the oldest and most prosperous in Iraq. Although most studies of Iraqi Jewry tend to focus on the Baghdadi communit…

Cite this page
Orit Bashkin, “Basra”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 03 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0003300>
First published online: 2010

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