Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Béchar (Colomb-Béchar)
(520 words)

Colomb-Béchar(today simply Béchar, Ar. Bashshār) is located 725 km south of Oran near the Moroccan border. It served as the state-capital of the French department Saoura, created by a decree of August 7,  1957.  It is an important road and railroad node that was also the gate to the Sahara.  The town was created from a conglomeration of villages along the banks of the Oued Bechar (Wādī Bashshār), when the French under General Hubert Lyautey occupied it in November 1903.   A few Jews had been living in the ksar of Béchar where they worked asjewelers, blacksmiths, tailors, shoemakers, pe…

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Jacob Oliel, “Béchar (Colomb-Béchar)”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 01 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_0005610>
First published online: 2010

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