Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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(613 words)

In the Ottoman Empire of the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, a berat was a document issued by the Ottoman government upon the recommendation or at the request of a foreign consul that conferred certain legal, fiscal, and commercial privileges upon the holder, or beratli, normally a non-Muslim Ottoman subject employed by the consul. The privileges included exemption from taxes and from the jurisdiction of local courts. Beratlis were originally recruited to serve as vice-consuls, interpreters (dragomans), commercial agents, and in various menial capacities, but …

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Onur Yildirim, “Beratlı”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 06 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_0004130>
First published online: 2010

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