Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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(464 words)

Biskra is an Algerian oasis town on the northern edge of the Sahara at the foot of the AurèsMountains, on the west bank of the Oued Biskra. In Antiquity, the city was called Vescera by the Romans and counted Jews in its population, most likely Carthaginian in origin. By the fifth century C.E., under Vandal rule, the Jews seemed to have had an organized community. While the origin of the Jewish community during the Islamic period is unknown, it is mentioned in the responsa of the Spanish rabbis and their descendants who arrived in the Maghreb as refugees after 1391. As elsewher…

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Richard Ayoun, “Biskra”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 29 November 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_000121>
First published online: 2010

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