Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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(3,077 words)

1. History

Middle Ages

Cairo (Ar. al-Qāhira), the capital of Egypt, sits on both banks of the Nile River, 20 kilometers (12.5 miles) south of the Delta. It was built by the Fatimids following their conquest of Egypt in 969 near the earlier capital of Fustat (now called Old Cairo). From that time, and under diverse regimes, it has grown in size and importance, becoming the most populous city in Africa (with over 15 million…

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Jacob M. Landau, “Cairo”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 30 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0004790>
First published online: 2010

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