Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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(823 words)

The capitulations (Ar./Ott. Turk. imtiyāzāt) were bilateral agreements between the Ottoman Empire and various European states that conferred certain rights and privileges on subjects of those states residing or trading in Ottoman lands. The capitulations were meant first and foremost to serve Ottoman political and fiscal interests. The Ottoman government granted these commercial privileges in order to make political allies within Christendom, obtain scarce goods and raw materials, and increase custo…

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Onur Yildirim, “Capitulations”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 15 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0004940>
First published online: 2010

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