Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Cherchell (Sharshāl)
(459 words)

The Algerian city of Cherchell(Ar. Sharshāl) is situated on the Mediterranean coast about 95 kilometers (153 miles) west of Algiers. There was a Phoenician trading post called Iol on the site in the fifth century B.C.E. Iol was subsequently controlled by the Carthaginians. The Berber Massyli tribal confederation annexed the area after the Roman defeat of Carthage in the Second Punic War and made Iol the capital of the kings of Mauritania. When the last Mauritanian king, Juba II, was placed on the throne by the Rom…

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Richard Ayoun, “Cherchell (Sharshāl)”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 28 November 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_000122>
First published online: 2010

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