Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Crémieux Decree
(1,363 words)

On October 24, 1870, the Jews of Algeria, “native” subjects of France since the colonial conquest in 1830, were collectively made full French citizens by a decree of the republican Government of National Defense that succeeded Napoleon III’s Second Empire after the Franco-Prussian War. Algerian Jewry was the first of many Jewish communities in North Africa and the Middle East to undergo this profound change and the only indigenous group to be incorporated en bloc. The grant of citizenship was the last step in the emancipation of Algerian Jewry under French colonial r…

Cite this page
Steven Uran, “Crémieux Decree”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 21 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0005900>
First published online: 2010
First print edition: ISBN: 978900417678, 2456

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