Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Grammar and Masora
(2,193 words)

The term Masora (Heb. tradition) refers to the activity of the scholars known as Masoretes in the first millennium C.E., the purpose of which was to transmit the Hebrew Bible accurately in both its written and orally recited forms. The Masoretes continued the work of the soferim (Heb. scribes) of the Second Temple and talmudic periods, who were also occupied with the correct transmission of the biblical text.

After the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem in 70 C.E., a special effort was made to preserve the Jewish Scriptures. Even before this time Jewish religious authorities …

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Geoffrey Khan, “Grammar and Masora”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 29 January 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0008640>
First published online: 2010

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