Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Hatt-ı Humayun (Islahat Fermani), 1856
(790 words)

The Hatt-ı Hümâyûn (imperial decree) was promulgated on February 18, 1856, to reaffirm the stipulations of the Hatt-ı Sherif of Gülhane (1839), which had introduced sweeping changes in Ottoman law and administration, and ushered in a new era of reforms known as the Tanzimat. After the deposition of Grand Vizier Mustafa Reşid Pasha, the chief architect of the Tanzimat, in 1852, domestic reaction against the reforms from both Muslim and non-Muslim clerics brought the process of change to a standstill. It was only because of the abysmal state in w…

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Onur Yildirim, “Hatt-ı Humayun (Islahat Fermani), 1856”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 02 February 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_0009450>
First published online: 2010

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