Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Heqdesh (Qodesh, Waqf, Ḥabs)
(975 words)

Charity and social welfare have since ancient times been an integral part of the Jewish communal ethos. Already in biblical times, funds and property could be consecrated to the needs of the Temple (Bet ha-Miqdash) in Jerusalem (e.g., see II Kings 12:5–17; Mishna Temura 7:2, Sheqalim 4:7). The term for dedicated property was heqdesh (consecrated). The Talmud forbade the dedication of heqdeshproperty in the biblical sense following the destruction of the Temple, since the misappropriation of such property would have constituted sacrilege (Heb. meʿila). But in the Middle Ages bo…

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Norman A. Stillman, “Heqdesh (Qodesh, Waqf, Ḥabs)”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 02 February 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0009690>
First published online: 2010

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