Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Ḥevra (Charitable or Sacred Society)
(3,478 words)

The ḥevra (Heb. society, association; pl. ḥevrot, ḥavarot) was a private society or confraternity which provided various services to Jewish communities in the Ottoman Empire and elsewhere in the Islamic world—and indeed throughout the countries of Christian Europe. Most ḥevrot resembled modern nonprofit organizations and charitable foundations, receiving funds from communal taxes and offering burial, medicine, fo…

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D Gershon Lewental, “Ḥevra (Charitable or Sacred Society)”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 05 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0009740>
First published online: 2010

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