Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Hijā' (Heb. neʿaṣa)
(858 words)

The Arabic word hijā' describes one of the major modes in Arabic literature, covering a wide range of topics from the most edifying to the highly indecent and insulting. In its broadest sense, the term has been understood as the opposite of madīḥ (praise), and literary scholars often render it as "satire"; in its narrowest sense, it specifically designates invective poetry. The genre is widely attested in Arabic poetry as early as the pre-Islamic era. Its origins have been related to curses and incantations, on the one hand, and to the …

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Esperanza Alfonso, “Hijā' (Heb. neʿaṣa)”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 02 December 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0009950>
First published online: 2010

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