Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

Get access
Search Results: | 4 of 20 |

Ḥīwī al-Balkhī
(569 words)

Ḥīwī al-Balkhī or ha-Balkhī, a native of Balkh, in Khurasan in the territory of Persia (now Afghanistan), was a ninth-century freethinker and Bible critic. His name is probably a misspelling of the Persian name Ḥayyawayh, the Arabicized form of Persian Ḥayyōyeh or Ḥayyūyeh, possibly shortened to Ḥayyōy (Ben Shammai 2003).

A contemporary of Mishawayh and Ibn al-Rāwandī, Ḥīwī was opposed and condemned as a heretic (mulḥid) and a blasphemer by both Rabbanites (Saʿadya Gaon) and Karaites, as well as by other biblically oriented sectarians (e.g., Abū ʿImrān al-Tiflīsī). Very little is …

Cite this page
Marzena Zawanowska, “Ḥīwī al-Balkhī”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 28 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_0009940>
First published online: 2010

▲   Back to top   ▲