Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

Get access

Ibn Abītūr, Joseph ben Isaac
(1,292 words)

Joseph ibn Abītūr (ca. 939–after 1012) was born in Merida in al-Andalus in the mid-tenth century. He had an Arabic last name (Abītūr) and a Romance appellative (Satanas, Santas, or Santos). His family had been in Sepharad for more than six generations. In a letter to Samuel ha-Kohen, Ibn Abītūr says that “although his great-grandfather was not an erudite man, he was a powerful one who imposed five death penalties,” quite exceptional for a Jewish judge and only possible in the exile. He explains that his Romance family name, Ibn Shaṭnash, came from Heb. shoṭ enosh (scourge of humanity), an…

Cite this page
Judit Targarona, “Ibn Abītūr, Joseph ben Isaac”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 05 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0010220>
First published online: 2010

▲   Back to top   ▲