Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Ibn ʿAwkal Family
(1,227 words)

The Ibn ʿAwkals were an important merchant family in Fustat. Apparently of Persian origin, they arrived in the Maghreb following the Fatimid conquest at the beginning of the tenth century. The mashāriqa (easterners), as they were called by Maghrebis, were not liked by the local residents, and many of them moved to Egypt with the Fatimids after 969. Jacob, the head of the family, most likely also went to Egypt at that time, but left some family members in the Maghreb to develop his commercial interests.

The correspondence of the Ibn ʿAwkal family extends over four generations. The…

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Elinoar Bareket, “Ibn ʿAwkal Family”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 31 January 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_0010170>
First published online: 2010

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