Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Ittifāgh (Ettefagh) Schools
(2,104 words)

Ittifāq (Ettefagh), a Jewish school in Tehran, was established by and for the many Iraqi Jews who settled in Iran following the First World War, after the Farhūd pogroms in Iraq in 1941, and particularly between 1948 and 1951.  Its key initiator was Māyir ʿAbd-Allāh Baṣṣūn (1903–1978), a prominent Iraqi Jew with close business ties to the American and British armies, who traveled to Iran in 1946 and was soon involved in contracts for building the American embassy and with the Tehran municipality.  He paid for the needed renovation and expansion of the Alliance Israélite Universelle Sc…

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Haideh Sahim, “Ittifāgh (Ettefagh) Schools”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 15 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_000763>
First published online: 2016

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