Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Jadīd-i Islām
(658 words)

The dual religious life of the anusim (Heb. forced converts) of the town of Mashhad in Iran began following a massacre in the Jewish quarter, known in Persian as the ʿīdgāh (lit. place of celebrations, feasting place), by a hostile Shīʿī mob made up both of residents of the city and pilgrims. On that day, March 26, 1839, referred to as Allāhdād (Pers. God-given; God’s Justice), Mashhad’s entire Jewish population was forced to convert to Islam. However, the majority of this community of jadīd-i Islām (Ar./Pers. new to Islam) continued secretly to maintain their Jewish faith for …

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Jaleh Pirnazar, “Jadīd-i Islām”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 18 October 2021
First published online: 2010

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