Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Judah ben Joseph of Qayrawan
(662 words)

Judah ben Joseph b. Simḥa was perhaps the most important figure in the Jewish community of Qayrawān toward the end of the tenth century and the beginning of the eleventh. Known in Arabic as Abū Zikrī/Zakarīyāʾ (the usual kunya for the name Judah), he was one of the wealthiest merchants in Qayrawān and was on very good terms with the Zirid sultan of Tunisia, al-Muʿizz ibn Bādīs (r. 1016–1062), and especially with the young sultan’s influential aunt Umm Mallāl, who, if indeed “the illustrious mistress” (Ar. al-sayyida al-jalīla) mentioned by Judah in a letter written toward the end …

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Michael G. Wechsler, “Judah ben Joseph of Qayrawan”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 27 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_0012280>
First published online: 2010
First print edition: ISBN: 978900417678, 3148

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