Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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(4,474 words)

1.   Definition, Terminology

The term Kalām (Ar. speculative reasoning) is a generic name for doctrinal, speculative theology— i.e., the theoretical science of the fundamental doctrines of religion (Ar. uṣūl al-dīn)—in Arabic Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. It is theoretical reflection engaged in rationalizing and explaining the cognitive content of the symbolic language of religion and the nature of revelation, as well as…

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Gregor Schwarb, “Kalām”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 01 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_COM_0015890>
First published online: 2010

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