Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Kethüda (Kâhya, Heb. Shtadlan)
(1,011 words)

The terms kethüda, kâhya, and shtadlan were all used to designate the individuals appointed by Jewish communities in the Ottoman Empire to represent them to the government. Kethüda is an Ottoman Turkish term derived from the Persian ket-khodā or kad-khodā (master of a household). When spoken, kethüda was pronounced kâhya or kyâhya (pl. kâhyalar), and carried the meaning of “administrator.” In the Ottoman context, the term was an element in kapikethüdasi or kethüda bevvabân, the title of the chief of the doorkeepers who guarded the imperial palace in Istanbul. In the …

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D Gershon Lewental, “Kethüda (Kâhya, Heb. Shtadlan)”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 02 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1878-9781_ejiw_SIM_0012540>
First published online: 2010

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